Different Types of CBD

New to CBD and confused about the different types of CBD? Don’t worry, you are not alone, and we are here to decipher the topic for you.

Full Spectrum CBD

Full spectrum translates roughly to the whole plant. Either in the form of an extract (<0.05 UK or < 0.2% THC in the EU) or the hemp flower itself.

Full spectrum CBD contains a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, remaining plant material, and fatty acids. While full spectrum can be used as an ingredient in producing a range of CBD products, the most popular use for this extract is full spectrum CBD oil.

Whole plant CBD usually tastes earthy as it contains the ‘whole plant’, including terpenes and depending on the level of refinement potentially chlorophyll. It is about as close you can get to consuming the plant itself without actually doing so; albeit in a liquid form with a carrier oil to dilute the concentration.

Research suggests combining cannabinoids improves the efficacy, enhancing overall effectiveness than each individually. 

In 1998, a groundbreaking study outlined that the endocannabinoid system demonstrated an “entourage effect”. In which a combination of cannabinoids worked more effectively together than on each individually did on its own. 

Also, several examples of such synergies have been documented in other research studies (Jonson et al., 2010; Galily et al., 2014). 

Broad Spectrum CBD

The only difference between broad spectrum and full spectrum is the complete removal of THC from the extract. 

Broad spectrum initially primarily targeted states/countries in which there is a zero-tolerance for THC.

More recently, It has gained momentum with the professional sports community. The world anti doping authority approving CBD consumption in 2018. Athletes are now able to use broad spectrum CBD without false positive indications for THC on drug tests, all while maintaining a comprehensive cannabinoid profile.

CBD Isolate

Isolated CBD contains just that, 99%+ CBD extracted into a powder or crystal-like substance. It contains no terpenes and no other cannabinoids.

Being the purest forms of CBD, it takes a complicated extraction process to obtain the result. In Europe, CBD isolate is frequently used in beauty products and other non-consumables.

Water Soluble CBD

If you’ve ever tried adding CBD to your coffee, you might have noticed the oil floats above the water, but it does not dissolve.

This is because CBD molecules do not mix well with water. Instead, they coat it and create an additional layer.

Traditional CBD is not highly bioavailable in water. As our body is primarily water, this means your usual CBD oil will have a top-end absorption rate of around 30% when consumed as CBD drops under the tongue.

Water-soluble CBD is where molecules of CBD are encapsulated in other non-active particles, to permit the CBD to absorb in the water and become immediately bioavailable, the improvement rate of absorption is still something up for discussion though.

Broad-spectrum and full spectrum water soluble CBD is available in the market today, but it fetches a much higher price tag than usual CBD hemp oil due to its perceived absorption rate.

At Nature & Bloom we are watching the developments closely, and awaiting more concrete scientific evidence before launching a water soluble CBD range.

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Disclaimer: Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Nature & Bloom and its staff. This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, cure or prevention for any disease. Nature & Bloom products have not been evaluated by the MHRA.


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