CBG VS CBD: What’s The Difference?

There are A LOT of cannabinoids. To date, over 100 cannabinoids have been discovered in cannabis plants.

CBD and CBG are two of them. And both are popular for their potential therapeutic benefits.

But what makes them different? That’s exactly what we’ll explore in this article. 

Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about CBD and CBG to make the best decision on which cannabinoid might best benefit your own unique needs. 

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Key Takeaways

  • CBD and CBG are two cannabinoids found in cannabis, mainly in hemp plants that are low in THC and high in CBD.
  • Unlike THC, neither of the compounds cause intoxicating effects, making them ideal for those interested in the potential benefits of cannabis without using products that contain psychoactive properties.
  • CBG is considered a minor cannabinoid (as it only occurs in trace amounts), while CBD is considered one of the major cannabinoids (as it occurs abundantly in the hemp plant).
  • Like other cannabinoids, CBD and CBG are caused by the way they influence the endocannabinoid system.

Understanding CBG and CBD

CBG (cannabigerol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are two popular cannabinoids known for their potential therapeutic benefits with zero psychoactive effects.

Found in cannabis, these compounds influence the endocannabinoid system (ECS) which lends to the myriad of effects each contains.

Both CBD and CBG share some similarities, but they also contain distinct differences.

Keep reading to learn everything there is to know about CBD and CBG.

What is CBG?

CBG is one of several minor cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis plants.

Often referred to as “the mother of all cannabinoids,” CBG serves as the precursor of both CBD and THC, making it one of the most important cannabis compounds.

Because it converts to other cannabinoids, CBG is relatively rare, which is why it’s considered one of the minor cannabinoids.

It’s found primarily in younger cannabis plants, making extraction of full spectrum CBD oil somewhat difficult.

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What is CBD?

CBD is one of several major cannabinoids, which includes THC, CBC, THCV and others.

It’s become famous for its potential therapeutic effects, used widely for pain relief, managing inflammation, sleep support, anxiety relief, relaxation and more.

CBD is offered in various forms, such as oils, tinctures, capsules, edibles, topical creams, and more.

The only FDA approved drug for CBD is Epidiolex, which is used to treat rare and intractable severe forms of epilepsy.

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Comparing CBG and CBD

When it comes to CBD and CBG, understanding their key differences is vital when searching for the best cannabis products for your own unique needs.

While both cannabinoids come from cannabis, they have their own distinct chemical structures.

CBD and CBG also have unique ways in which they influence endocannabinoid system receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors), as well as other receptors in the brain.

When it comes to CBD and CBG, the latter is less accessible and more uncommon.

These differences play a huge role when it comes to figuring out the potential health benefits of both CBD and CBG oil products.

Molecular Structure

The molecular structure of CBG is composed of 21 carbon atoms (22 carbon atoms in the case of the acidic form), with the total chemical formula of C21H32O2.

CBD is also composed of 21 carbon atoms, but has a different chemical formula of C21H30O2.

Understanding the molecular structure of these cannabinoids is crucial for comprehending their distinct properties and potential health benefits.

Interaction with Receptors

A big difference between CBD and CBG is how they interact with ECS receptors.

CBG activates receptors within the endocannabinoid system, interacting with both CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CBD, on the other hand, influences the ECS indirectly with effects suggested to be caused by several mechanisms of action. Research shows that one the major targets of CBD action is the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor.

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While both CBD and CBG are cannabinoids, CBG is the rarer and less accessible of the two cannabinoids.

This rarity is due to its unique role as a precursor to other cannabinoids like CBD and THC.

That said, CBG is still available from various reliable CBD producers, and taking CBG has become popular due to its potential health benefits.

Read on to learn more about the potential both cannabinoids contain.

Potential Health Benefits of CBG and CBD

CBD and CBG share some serious therapeutic potential.

They’re both suggested to contain analgesic properties, neuroprotective properties, reduce inflammation, support mental health and more.

These are just some of the effects that make CBD and CBG attractive options for individuals looking for natural remedies to support their overall wellbeing.

Neither contain psychoactive properties. The fact they’re not intoxicating cannabinoids makes them all the more desirable for those who want to benefit from cannabis without getting high.

Pain Relief and Inflammation

Both CBD and CBG may offer potential pain relief and anti-inflammatory benefits.

Their interaction with endocannabinoid receptors and neurotransmitters throughout the body are what’s suggested to help reduce chronic pain and inflammation.

Research on CBD for pain management has shown promising results, although more studies are needed to say just how beneficial it might be.

It’s suggested that CBD and THC used together in a 1:1 ratio may be even more beneficial.

Mental Health

CBD and CBG may offer some mental health benefits as well.

Patient reports suggest CBG is beneficial for anxiety, chronic pain, depression and sleep.

CBD, which has been more widely studied compared to CBD, shows serious potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders.

These potential benefits make CBG and CBD attractive options for individuals seeking natural remedies for mental health support.

Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties

CBG and CBD have been found to possess antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Research has demonstrated that CBG has antibacterial properties against various strains of bacteria. CBD has also been shown to have antifungal properties against a range of fungi.

These findings highlight the potential of CBG and CBD as natural remedies for bacterial and fungal infections.

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Common Uses of CBG and CBD

Common uses of CBD and CBG include treating chronic pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia and other conditions.

Both CBD and CBD interact with various receptors throughout the body that lend to their potential benefits.

These cannabinoids have been suggested to potentially provide medical benefits such as pain relief, inflammation reduction, mental health support and antibacterial and antifungal properties.

This makes CBD and CBG products attractive options for individuals seeking natural remedies from hemp and cannabis plants without psychoactive effects.

CBG Uses

CBG has been suggested to have potential medical benefits, including reducing inflammation, supporting healthy inflammatory function and reducing anxiety.

There’s also evidence to support CBG may aid in the management of glaucoma and support eye health.

CBG has also been found to support gut health, specifically for patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

CBD Uses

CBD products are widely used for a myriad of different potential benefits.

The most common reasons people use CBD are for anxiety, sleep problems and stress.

Its potential therapeutic benefits, such as pain relief, inflammation reduction, and mental health support have made CBD oil products one of the most popular wellness products in history.

Legal Status of CBG and CBD

The legality of CBD and CBG can be tricky, depending where you’re at.

The legal landscape of CBF and CBG varies by state and country, but both are legal in the U.S. at the federal level if derived from the hemp plant and contain no more than 0.3% THC.

It’s vital to review local and state laws to make sure both CBG, CBD and other various cannabinoids from hemp plants are legal to ensure compliance with regulations before purchasing CBG or CBD products.

Synergistic Effects of Combining CBG and CBD

Combining full spectrum CBG oil and CBD could result in a certain synergy.

These synergistic effects are referred to as the entourage effect

This widely accepted theory states that when used together, cannabinoids and other plant compounds increase each other’s benefits to generate a more powerful outcome than alone (such as with a CBG isolate).

That said, more further research is needed to fully understand the interaction between THC, CBG, CBD and other different cannabinoids and cannabis compounds.

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Choosing the Right Product: CBG vs CBD

Choosing the right CBG or CBD product depends on the effects you desire and how you prefer your cannabis consumption.

There are countless brands and products available, offering a wide range of options tailored to individual needs and preferences.

When selecting a product, it’s essential to consider factors such as quality, concentration of active ingredients, type and brand reputation.

Forms of Consumption

CBG and CBD are available in various forms, such as tinctures, edibles, topicals and vape carts, making it easy for consumers to choose the method of consumption that best suits their needs and preferences.

Some brands offer tinctures that allow consumers to customize their dosage and experience the effects according to their preference.

Other brands offer CBD and CBG gummies, capsules and creams, providing a serious range of options for those interested in exploring the benefits of CBD and CBG.

Recommended Brands

When considering CBD and CBG products, there are numerous brands and products available.

Some of the top-rated brands for CBG include Medterra, Colorado Botanicals, Lazarus Naturals, NuLeaf Naturals and Extract Labs.

These brands are known for their high-quality CBG products, making them reliable options for those looking to explore the benefits of lesser known cannabinoids.

For CBD, Cornbread Hemp, Plus CBD, Joy Organics, Green Roads and CBDistillery are highly recommended, each renowned for their high-quality CBD products and commitment to customer satisfaction.

When selecting a CBG or CBD product, it’s important to consider factors such as quality, additional ingredients, lab testing and reputation of the brand.

Potential Side Effects 

The side effects of CBG and CBD are generally mild and considered safe, but it’s important to consult a doctor before taking any cannabinoid products.

Potential side effects of CBG may include dry mouth, sleepiness, increased appetite, dry eyes, fatigue, and diarrhea.

CBD may cause drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, and diarrhea, and may also interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners.

Always consult a medical professional before consuming CBG or CBD to ensure safety and avoid potential drug interactions.

Wrapping Up 

CBG and CBD are two fascinating cannabis compounds with unique properties and potential therapeutic benefits.

While they share some similarities, they also contain key differences.

Understanding these differences, as well as the potential health benefits of each cannabinoid can help individuals make informed decisions when choosing the right product for their needs.

As research continues to uncover the full potential of CBG and CBD, these compounds may become even more popular as natural remedies for various ailments.

So, whether you’re new to the world of cannabinoids or a seasoned user, it’s worth exploring the potential benefits of CBG and CBD to support your overall wellbeing.

Both hemp derived CBD and CBG are federally legal, offering an excellent opportunity to explore these non-psychoactive cannabis plant compounds. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Is CBG more effective than CBD?

No, CBG is not necessarily more effective than CBD.

The effectiveness of CBG vs CBD is largely dependent on the particular condition being treated.

Ultimately, it’s important to consult with a medical professional to determine which compound is best suited for your unique needs.

What is CBG good for?

While more research is definitely needed, CBG shows numerous potential health benefits including anti-inflammatory and anti-pain properties.

There is also evidence to support that CBG may support eye health (particularly for patients with glaucoma) and help with symptoms of IBD. 

How does CBG make you feel?

CBG is said to make you feel relaxed and clear-minded, while also providing an energetic boost.

Its beneficial effects seem to enhance wellbeing by calming the mind and body, while simultaneously offering a feeling of alertness.

CBG has been found to be a great alternative to traditional medications, as it shows no potential for abuse and contains zero known side effects.

Does CBG feel like CBD?

While CBG might not feel exactly like CBD, it does appear that the cannabinoids share similar properties in terms of their non-psychoactive and non-intoxicating properties.